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Domain Name and Its Parts
An Overview

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domain name

What is a domain name? What are its parts? What is the difference between domain and URL? Get all the answers that will assist you in finding your own perfect web address.

The follwing questions are answered below:

What is a Domain Name?

A domain name is your unique web address for your website. For example steps-to-make-your-own-website.com is the domain name of this website. Without any system to name websites, there would have been total chaos inside the jungle of internet, leave alone trying to locate your website.

With the Domain Name System (DNS) you can create your desired name for your website which when entered into a web browser leads to your website.

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What is an IP Address?

IP (Internet Protocol) is a standard for communication by which each device like a server, desktop, laptop, printer, modem, fax, etc, that is linked up in the computer internet network, is assigned a unique identifier number, for extending to it, the ability to locate and communicate with each other.

Just like your house has a mailing address that is unique for it and based on which you receive your correct mail or courier, similarly an IP address is the unique number assigned to the device or entity on the internet network so that you receive your correct information or data.

The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255. For example 216.95.221.39 is the IP address of sitesell.com which is the webhost for this website.

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What is DNS?

DNS is the acronym for Domain Name System. This system translates the number format of your IP address to the word format. It is done because it is relatively easier to remember words than numbers.

From the above example, you will note that it is more convenient to know about a website, or any device for that matter, by a worded name rather than humanly meaningless numbers. Similarly it is easier to name an e-mail address as service@sitesell.com than service@216.95.221.39.

The domain name system makes it possible to assign domain names to groups of Internet users in a meaningful way, independent of each user's physical location.

The DNS system thus renders order to the internet traffic, without which there would have been chaos far beyond anyone’s imagination.

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What are the Parts of a Domain Name?

Each domain name consists of two parts.
Top Level Domain -  A top-level domain (TLD) is the part of the domain name located to the right of the dot. The most common top-level domains are .COM, .NET, and .ORG. Some other popular top-level domains are .BIZ, .INFO, .NAME and .IN etc.

Second Level Domain - . The second-level domain name is the part of the domain name located to the left of the dot. Steps-to-make-your-own-website is the second-level domain name and represents the organization or entity behind the internet. Second Level Domain name must be registered with an Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)-accredited registrar.

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What is a Subdomain?

A subdomain is a domain name that is a part of the main domain. It is used to organize a website with regard to various functions, sections, topics, etc. For example www.google.com is the main domain name. They have separated “Gmail”, that handles their mail section of the website, by creating a subdomain by assigning a section of their website as mail.gmail.com. Similarly they have other subdomains too which are other sections of their main website and these look like maps.google.com, news.google.com, video.google.com, etc.

Subdomains are also known as the Third Level Domains. As seen in the above examples subdomains are prefixed to the left of the Second Level Domain name and the two are separated by a period.

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What is the Difference Between Domain Name and URL?

URL is the acronym for Uniform Resource Locator, and it defines the path to reach a website or its documents.

A domain name is the unique name assigned to a website. In contrast, a URL is the address to reach that website, or to a specific file, page, section, etc on that website.

For example “steps-to-make-your-own-website.com” is the domain name of this website and the URL for its home page is written as:
http://www.steps-to-make-your-own-website.com/index.html

Thus a URL consists of the following, from left to right:

  • - Protocol identifier – http in the above example
  • - Colon :
  • - Two front slashes //
  • - Subdomain (Third Level Domain name) or “www” as the default subdomain, followed by a dot.
  • - Domain Name or IP Address (Second Level Domain name), followed by a dot.
  • - Top Level Domain name as seen in the domain name
  • - Front slash / to indicate the path to reach the resource document
  • - Name of the file, document, etc.

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Who are the Best Domain Registrars?

domain shopping

Want to go shopping to buy domains? How do you know where you will get a fair deal? Do you always go to the cheapest one?

The best domain registrar need not be the cheapest domain registrar. It’s not always the cost of a domain name that makes a registrar a good or an average one. Neither does a good sounding name make a registrar a good one.

There are numerous domain registrars and domain resellers that have flooded the domain registration industry. Obviously they all are there for business and sometimes your interest might not be their upmost priority. In such a scenario it is easy to get duped by certain unscrupulous ones.

Below we offer a list of the best domain registrars:


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